Verified Commit be921794 authored by Laurent Heirendt's avatar Laurent Heirendt
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add backup card from internal

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permalink: /internal/backup/computer/
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- /cards/backup:computer
- /internal/cards/backup:computer
# Staff Computer
## Backup to External Disk
### macOS
macOS platform comes with Time Machine, a very easy to use backup feature. Time Machine backups can be set up as follows:
1. Connect an external disk to your computer.
2. Using Finder open up **/Applications/System Preferences** and Select **Time Machine**. <br/> ![Alt](img/mac_tm_1.png "Title")
3. From the **Time Machine** main screen click **Select Backup Disk** &nbsp; ![Alt](img/mac_tm_2.png "Title")
4. From the list select your external disk. It is also recommended that you select the option to **encrypt backups**. <br/> ![Alt](img/mac_tm_3.png "Title")
5. If you opt for encryption you will be asked for an encryption password. You will need this password whenever you re-connect the disk to your computer or whenever you restart your Mac. You should keep this password safe using [Password Management software](../passwords/). <br/> ![Alt](img/mac_tm_4.png "Title")
6. Time Machine requires an apple-specific disk format to work. Your external disk may not be in this format (e.g. may be in exFAT format which is accessible both by Windows and Mac). In such a case Time Machine will prompt you to approve the erasure and re-formatting of your external disk (see below). If you do not want to re-format, you may [create a disk image](../encryption/file/) on your external disk and then point Time Machine to this image. <br/> ![Alt](img/mac_tm_5.png "Title")
7. After you select a backup disk, provide password and confirm disk format (if applicable), Time Machine will automatically start the backup process in the background. You may continue to work. You will receive a notification, when the first backup is complete. <br/> ![Alt](img/mac_tm_6.png "Title")
8. If you want to initiate another backup manually, click the Time Machine logo in your menu bar and select **Back Up Now**. It is recommended that you enable the automatic backup feature of Time Machine. To do so, go to **/Applications/System Preferences/Time Machine** and select the option **Back Up Automatically**. <br/> ![Alt](img/mac_tm_7.png "Title")
Official instructions for restoring your Mac using a Time Machine backup can be found [here](
### Windows
Windows's offerings for backup has different names in different versions.
* _Microsoft Backup and Restore_, which is available in [Windows 7]( and [Windows 10](, allows backup of your entire system or selected folders/files on your computer.
* _File History_, which is is available in [Windows 8 and 10](, provides an easy to use option with which you can backup select files/folders. _File History_ runs periodically, tracks versions of your files, and allows you to go back older versions.
Before creating a backup, make sure that your backup drive is encrypted as a safety measure in case of disk loss or theft (see [howto page on disk encryption](../encryption/disk)).
The steps to switch **File History** on your computer is as follows:
1. Connect an external disk to your computer.
2. From the **Start** menu select **Settings/Update & Security/Backup**. <br/> ![Alt](img/win_fh_1.png "Title")
3. Click the "+" next to Add a drive. You'll see a prompt to choose an external drive, choose the disk you have connected.
4. File History has now started archiving your data. An on/off slider will now appear under a new heading called **Automatically back up my files.** <br/> ![Alt](img/win_fh_2.png "Title")
5. By default, Windows 10's File History will back-up all the folders in the **User** folder. And it will run the backup on an hourly schedule. To change any of those settings click on More options under the on/off slider (see below). <br/> ![Alt](img/win_fh_2_2.png "Title")
6. In the **Backup Options** dialog, under the **Back up these folders.** you can remove existing folders and add new ones. **Important Note:** Make sure that any application that read/write your data files/folder are closed, when you're making this _File History_ configuration. <br/>
<img src="img/win_fh_3.png" height="200em"/>
The instructions for restoring your files from **File History** can be found [here](
## Backup to
The University of Luxembourg's cloud service [DropIt]( provides all staff with 100GB of storage.
To use this service, first, visit []( You should be able to login with your university credentials. In case of login problems, request IT support using [ServiceNow](
Second, in order to create backups of your computer on DropIt cloud, you need to install a client application. The University IT Guideline [here](https://intranet.uni.lux/the_university/siu/Documents/Dropit%20client%20-%20configuration%20guide.pdf#search=dropit) provides the details on how to install this client application for macOS, Windows and Linux platforms, and also, how to configure the backup process on your computer.
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